Sunday, July 26, 2015

Honduras: Night Time Critters

After a long day of exhausting birding in the rainforest, wouldn’t you just want to relax with a delicious dinner and a cocktail? Yes, but then you’d also want to go check out the nightlife. And I don’t mean bars or clubs – I mean looking for the nocturnal critters that are now up and about to start their day, or night, I should say.

A large gecko - perhaps a Turniptail Gecko?

A smaller gecko - maybe Lepidodactylus lugubris

When we first arrived at the Lodge at Pico Bonito in the evening, we walked around the grounds with our flashlight and phones scoping out for some really cool bugs and herps that may be hanging about. But on our first full day out, we walked by a mercury vapor lamp with a white sheet set up on a frame of PVC pipe. Once we knew it was there, we would go every night to check it out, and it never disappointed. In fact, it delighted.

The moth sheet

Arctiine Tussock Moths - clockwise from top left: Halysidota atra, Amaxia sp., Phaeomolis lineatus, Idalus dares, Trichromia atta

Every night, we’d cover ourselves up in pants and hooded sweatshirts, not just to brave the much cooler evenings, but to also try as much as possible to see the night-time critters up close but keep them out of our ears and clothes. (Nick was not always so successful on the latter front). It was a Catch 22 at times – we’d want to get closer to see some awesome moths and bugs, but at the same time we didn’t want them flying or buzzing right in (or into) our faces. 

Bombycidae family

Come to the soothing green glow...

The “moth sheet” was always full of fun invertebrates – moths and bugs galore! They just couldn’t help themselves from getting close to that bright, greenish glow. There was a range of all sizes, from the tiniest pinky-nail sized beetles to the gargantuan almost hand-sized Sphinx moths.

A Satin Moth (about the size of a half-dollar coin) and a tiny other moth

A Satin Moth can look like a cross between a bat and a bunny. 

Adhemarius ypsilon

We acted like kids in a candy store, constantly saying to one another, “Oooooh, look at this one! Oh wait, this one is so awesome! Oh, you gotta come check this one out!” You get the picture. I never thought I’d be so giddy at the sight of moths, but when you see as many as we did and in such an array of colors, shapes, and sizes, you’d be pretty stoked, too!

Bombycidae sp?
Tiger moths (Hypercompe sp.) - Can you find the dog and puppy faces?!?

Some of these moths were just other-worldly with super “furry” legs and/or bodies. Others were just stunningly beautiful, as they had just the most vibrant colors and intricate patterns. We’d spend an hour or more just scanning every inch of that sheet, ooo-ing and awww-ing and snapping pics of some of the most incredible moths we’d ever seen. 

Flannel Moths
Lasiocampidae family (bottom right is questionable)

The sphinx moths were my favorite – so stealthy-looking and stoic. Once they landed on the sheet, they stayed in one place the whole time. When we attempted to pick them up, they totally lost their cool and flapped like crazy like a fish out of water. However, Nick was the sphinx moth whisperer, and he was able to coax them back to their zen-like state.

Nick with a Sphinx moth

Sphinx Moths - Pachylia darceta (bottom left), Xylophanes acrus (bottom right)

Nick coaxing the very large Adhemarius ypsilon 

We weren’t the only ones who were enjoying the plethora of moths and insects. A few toads would hang out right underneath the sheet waiting for a frazzled critter to fall towards the ground and become an easy meal. We mostly saw HUGE Cane toads, the size of grapefruits. But every so often, we’d also see what I believe were Gulf Coast Toads.

Cane Toad



Gulf Coast Toad


Now that we’re back home, we are now having a time trying to figure out what we saw and identify as best as possible, at least by family. This is no easy feat as some didn’t look like moths at all. Some looked like wasps or even cockroaches! In the rainforest, everything was wild and new and so exciting, even the most unlikely of critters. 

Sematura lunus - We saved this large, lovely moth from certain death by a nearby hungry toad 





Sunday, July 19, 2015

Malheur NWR: Day 1

This past Memorial Day, we made the pilgrimage east to Malheur NWR to see what all the fuss is about. The birding in this part of Oregon gets nothing but rave reviews from anyone you might care to ask, and you can count us among the converted after spending four intense and exhausting days turning up lifers, state birds, and great looks almost nonstop. And we weren't the only ones: all up and down Highway 205 cars were pulled over to the roadside with binoculars poking out of the windows. Nearly everyone driving along was liable to pull up and ask what we were seeing. Why can't life always be like this?!

Our first intended stop of the morning was to be the refuge headquarters, but we were so distracted by all the Sandhill Cranes and Long-billed Curlews on the way, that we didn't make it there until after 7am. The very second we stepped out of the car, a Swainson's Hawk flew overhead and landed at the edge of the parking lot. So, by 7:10 Malheur had already secured our everlasting affection. By the time we left, we'd score another great encounter with the Swainson's and its mate… or should I say that the Swainson's Hawks were the ones that scored.

Swainson's Hawk


Yellow Warbler

Black-chinned Hummingbirds were super active at the hummingbird feeders just a few feet off the patio. During our brief stop in Phoenix last year we left a female hummingbird unidentified, which, if I had to guess, was probably a Black-chinned. But there was no guessing involved at Malheur, and while Calliope had been reported within the last week we would have to content ourselves with only one lifer hummingbird, knowing that we'd make up for it in Honduras in another two weeks.

Black-chinned Hummingbird




There was plenty of drama around the feeders. Even if there were more than enough perches to go around, one of the male Black-chins wasn't going to let any other bird drink from HIS nectar if he had anything to say about it.






Other feeder birds like Evening and Black-headed Grosbeaks were going to town on the sunflower seeds and probably spilling nearly as many as they ate. At another feeder station, Yellow-headed and Red-winged Blackbirds were doing their share of damage as well.

Evening Grosbeak (male)

Evening Grosbeak (female)

Black-headed Grosbeak



Red-winged and Yellow-headed Blackbirds

Bullock's Oriole


The main beneficiaries of all this spillage were the Belding's Ground Squirrels, which are normally tiny and cute -- and some of them were. Others were monstrously huge, so big that we figured they had to be some other species (baby marmots?). Nope, just morbidly obese ground squirrels.

A cute, typical Belding's Ground Squirrel


Belding's Ground-squirrel on a high protein diet


Black-tailed Jackrabbit

Down by the water was an assortment of swallows, and a number of beautiful Black Terns looking sharp in their breeding plumage, much nicer than the mostly basic plumaged birds we would occasionally see in Florida. The headquarters wasn't overflowing with ducks, but a quartet of Redheads were a nice surprise.

Black Tern




Barn Swallow

Redheads

From the headquarters we drove over to the field station. Cliff Swallows were ubiquitous, and were busy building their mud nests. Swallows from all around the station were collecting from just a couple of mud puddles, making neat little clumps in their bills, and taking the greatest care not to dirty their wings in the slightest.

Cliff Swallows gathering mud


California Quail



On the way out we watched a huge pale hawk land on the ground. This juvenile didn't have its rusty leggings yet, but it had all of the menacing that you'd expect from a bird of prey that size. This was our lifer Ferruginous Hawk, but we'd see more before the trip (or day) was through.

Ferruginous Hawk

Next we stopped at Diamond Craters, where we hoped finally we'd cross paths with some of the sagebrush species we'd been looking forward to. Sure enough, we found our lifer Sage Thrasher, and a Brewer's Sparrow, but only one of each, and overall the park was pretty quiet. We still managed to have ourselves quite a lark, though -- as in, there were plenty of Horned Larks, Lark Sparrows, and Western Meadowlarks. The Horned Larks must be suicidal, because we only ever found them after they landed directly in from of the moving car.

Sage Thrasher

Horned Lark


There were some awesome non-birds around Diamond Craters, too. Of all non-birds, we most wanted to see Pronghorn, which turned out to be super easy, and they milled around the side of the highway, pretty closely, as we drove in the night before. Unfortunately, there weren't any good places to pull over, and I only really got to watch them out of my periphery while we passed them at 70 mph. We didn't get our best looks at Diamond Craters, but we did get the only picture of one we managed the whole trip. We also saw a pretty roughed-up looking Racer. I don't know if it had been hit by a car, but it was writhing and had an eye out of its socket, poor thing.

Pronghorn

Racer


We took Ruh-Red Rd. back to the campsite where there were a ton more Sage Thrashers (that's more like it!). And then began a cavalcade of epic raptors, up close. We passed one of our left, and a second later was able to process what it was. I reversed and angled the car across the dirt road so Maureen could snap away at the closest we will ever be to a Juvenile Swainson's Hawk.

baby Sage Thrasher

Western Meadowlark


Western Kingbird

Juvenile Swainson's Hawk


Back out onto Steens Hwy, and an adult Ferruginous Hawk was perched right across from us on a telephone pole. We pulled over, and were basking in its presence… until another car pulled up alongside asking if we needed help, which was more than the hawk could tolerate. Let that be a lesson, everyone: never try to help people! Lastly, a Golden Eagle, on another telephone pole, just a quarter mile farther down. Man, this place was chock full of raptors!

Ferruginous Hawk


Home, sweet home. While we were in Malheur we stayed in a teepee… with a hot tub inside